An apostolos can start an open prayer group for the worldwide persecuted church if one does not meet nearby, or an open Bible study group, or a Christian book discussion group (study Frank Viola’s books on house churches early on). Advertise the group widely in secular and Christian circles. Those who come will be committed believers, and will hear of Church 14-26. Persons in other churches are welcome in Church 14-26 groups; although nobody should be in two churches indefinitely, we believe that God will make clear which is the right church for somebody in His own time.
Leaflets giving the address of this website, including a teaser about a different way of being church and local contact details, can be handed out at (the entrance to) Christian events attended by persons from multiple congregations.
There is always a place for public preaching of the gospel, especially at times of national stress. People heeded the gospel 2000 years ago, and also 250 years ago when John Wesley preached and organised discipleship groups for those who affirmed that they wished to be saved from their sins. Wesley was undaunted by being roughed up, or by hostility from organised Christianity (occurring because he cut across the parish system, although he did not start rival congregations in England or suggest that people leave their congregation). His ministry triggered a major revival.
The gospel of Jesus Christ. The gospel – meaning ‘good news’ – should be presented as a matter of truth. Do not be argumentative but do not pander, for pandering (typically by using jokes or strained analogies) suggests that you have little confidence in what you are offering. Have the confidence to let people say No if they wish. It is not as if they would be doing God a favour by converting; God is doing them a huge favour by sending Jesus, who did not beg people to follow him. You should begin with the not-so-good news and explain that all people have done things for which hell is the just penalty; otherwise they will resent God for the prospect, instead of being grateful for the offer to be saved from it. God has the right to hold us to account, because he made the world and the human race – he made all matter – so we literally belong to him. God makes the offer to save us at great cost to himself, showing his love. Begin by convincing people that they are wrongdoers, by stating laws which they accept are just but admit they have broken. Choose, from the Ten Commandments, those laws which govern relations between persons, and explain that Jesus said you should not even want to do the things they forbid. (“Do not break these laws in your heart”, he said.) These laws invariably convict; avoid things that are not regarded as wrong by our society today, or wrongful things that only a minority do. Do not condemn anybody yourself; leave that to God, through his laws.
You should be glad that God is just, for the world would be a dreadful place if its maker were unjust. When somebody does you wrong, you long for fair judgement and justice. You will get it, because everybody including your wrongdoers will someday give account to God for their lives; but the fact that you too do wrong turns God’s fairness into bad news for you. God’s judgement is not about weighing your good deeds against your bad. You face a penalty if the police see you breaking any law of the land, and God sees everything and his laws are just. A single wrong human action started a chain reaction that wrecked the world long ago; history since that event tells of the exploitation of millions of grindingly poor peasants who worked the land to provide food, and of wars for the power to exploit them; while we walk a tightrope today with nuclear and biological Weapons of Mass Destruction. (The covid-19 virus might have got out of a laboratory involved in bioweapons.) So you bear responsibility for multiple wrong actions, any one of which would wreck a world that had been perfect. Worse, you find that you carry on doing wrong things, indicating that your heart is inclined toward evil. You will be permitted to exist forever, and you can either have the penalty for everything you did wrong laid upon you – forever – which is hell, or you can be forgiven and join God, in ‘heaven’. In that case you will be changed for the better, for you are not fit for heaven as you are. Heaven is not a place where everything could go wrong again. For God to forgive you and remake you so that you don’t even think of doing wrong, you must feel sorry for what you have done wrong and apologise to him. You must also believe in His Son, Jesus Christ. Take hold of Christ now, for there is no further chance in hell (no cycle of reincarnation – Hebrews 9:27) and you have no idea when you will die.
Jesus Christ claimed authority to forgive people all that they had done wrong. That claim would be fraudulent unless he really was God; either way, he could not have been just another great moral teacher. His followers saw him die publicly on the cross to atone for people’s wrongs, his body not reacting to being speared or embalmed (John 19). Afterwards, they saw him alive again; his resurrection from the dead settles his authenticity. Many of his followers preferred death to denial of what they had witnessed. Jesus is still alive today, in heaven, and his Spirit lets believers know him as closely as if he were here physically, and gives them help to do right.
The gospel of the kingdom of God. It is essential also to preach the kingdom of God, because people need a cause and a vision as well as a reason to convert. The kingdom of God was Jesus’ leading subject in his own preaching, and he told us to pray that it would come in fullness (in the Lord’s Prayer). You are either for God and in his kingdom, or you are in the kingdom of darkness and you are against him. There is no neutrality because a malign intelligence, Satan – who is opposite but not equal to God – manipulates people without their realising it. He is more powerful and intelligent than any human being, and he is subtle. He is the power behind Auschwitz; he is the power behind all human systems of authority, which is why they all grow corrupt eventually. The only way not to be co-opted by Satan is to actively opt out of his kingdom by repenting and getting baptised, to join the kingdom of God and come under God’s rule.
Paradoxes must also be explained: when Jesus died on the cross he defeated the opposition, so that it is now a matter of carrying an assured victory through – although that does not mean establishing the kingdom on earth by earthly means – and the glory of Jesus far exceeds the glory of any earthly king reigning from a golden throne in a vast palace. Believers in Jesus can recognise his authority and see his glory with eyes of faith. By letting the forces of darkness wrongfully put him to death, he exposed them to the world as wrongful, and by coming back to life he put them on notice that one day he would deal with them forever. Until that day we are to be his ambassadors by making manifest on the earth his kingdom, a kingdom of light and truth and love.
It is not easy to grasp the idea of a kingdom if you have been brought up in a democracy, even a constitutional monarchy. A military organisation gets across part of the idea, but your weapons are spiritual not physical, and you obey because you give your trust and allegiance to your commander, who performed the greatest act of military valour – he gave his life for his brothers – yet came back to life and defeated even death. He is invincible. One day his kingdom will topple all others and Satan will be cast down, but until then we are Christ’s rebels against a system that is running the world in rebellion against Christ, and we must be willing to suffer as he did.
Practical preaching. Public preaching should be done by an apostle or evangelist who is a good orator. (In the list of ministries in Ephesians 4:11, evangelists are not necessarily orators, but might simply be good at striking up conversations and informing people of the gospel.) Avoid the word ‘sin’ (or ‘sinner’) and ‘repent’, which are religious turnoffs to secular people today; the three preceding paragraphs gave the gospel without using these words. It is better not to make an emotionally charged ‘altar call’ about a decision that is more important even than marriage; offer to talk afterwards to people who want to know more, have some carefully chosen believers present to do the same, and take it from there. If you are more a teacher than a preacher then you can hire a hall and advertise a talk, What the Bible really says (or What does the Bible really say?). You can add a subtitle like Past, Present, Future or Identity, Purpose, Destiny. Many summaries of the Bible are short enough for an evening talk. Use the local methods of publicity that are the most effective. You must be able to answer questions convincingly afterwards. Think ahead how to deal with provocateurs who, for instance, would move the definition of sin away from that in the Bible. (You could have relevant verses at hand and say that people can google these for themselves; have two people engage each questioner, to assist each other and to act as witnesses to all conversations.) If somebody concedes that they are a sinner but argues that there is no God to judge them, respond that you know the Judge personally but that He refrains from interacting with people who want nothing to do with him. Powerful arguments for God’s existence include why humans have a conscience, why we find the world beautiful, and why there should be anything at all, but Romans 1:20 is clear that people are ultimately in denial rather than ignorance, and at that point logic is futile. It is a mercy that God does not routinely show himself, because sinners would be unable to bear the holiness of his presence without Christ in between.
Practical evangelism. You could arrange an evening of hymns with words or tunes written by people having a connection with the area. This will bring in an audience not only of committed Christians, but nominal or lapsed ones. Outline the biographies of the hymn writers, and perhaps indicate how a particular hymn came to be written. Include a presentation of the gospel. Testimonies of committed Christians often speak of nominal church attendance or falling away as a teenager, followed by a heartfelt conversion. The longstanding experience of such people, combined with their new fervour, will be an asset. You will probably need to arrange this in a venue other than a church, so that you can recruit freely for Church 14-26.
Whatever is the most popular sport in your country, you can implement the following idea with a landlord of a sports bar when a big match is on. Leaflet the town saying that one drink and a meal up to a certain sum per head are available on the house (you can hand out vouchers at the entrance), and say that a brief evangelistic event will follow the match, or take place during an interval. (Football is called soccer in the USA, deriving from its full name of Association Football in order to distinguish it from American Football; the most popular game in the USA is baseball.) In England, about one-third of Premier League football clubs were founded by churches in the 19th century; you can show a clip from Peter Lupson’s DVD Thank God for Football which details this fact, or summarise his book of the same name. Pay the landlord 50% more than the usual price of the food and drink, as an incentive; he can serve further food and drink at customers’ expense as usual. Let anybody who leaves after eating, but before the event, walk out without objection. Give the talk in the largest part of the bar. Events of this type attract men; 93% of fathers who are in a nuclear family will bring their family into the church if they are converted, but only 17% of women – so targeting men will bring more women and children into the church too (statistics from Christian Vision for Men, UK). Men will be attracted by the preaching that Jesus was a joiner (tekton, often translated as ‘carpenter’) who carried out the archetypal act of male heroism by giving his life for his brothers. Christianity offers a noble leader who defeated even death, a freeman’s choice between good and evil, and a hero’s reward for the steadfast.
The format of the well-known Alpha Course is good: each week there is a free meal (make sure it is well presented and substantial), followed by a talk about an aspect of the Christian faith (in person or onscreen), then a chance for nonbelievers present to discuss the talk with Christians at their table. No believer who comes across as odd should be involved. The Alpha DVDs themselves include all of Christianity, but they underplay the need for personal repentance and they skew the Trinity toward the Holy Spirit. Christianity Explored is a better course, or the presentations can be given by accomplished speakers in the church.
Know what you are up against. The dominant worldview in the West today is secular humanism, the view that people are basically good but do some bad things, rather than being basically bad but doing some good things. Secular humanism supposes that man can be made good by his own means rather than by divine cleansing, and that whatever goes wrong is due to ignorance, or to society being set up in a way they disapprove of. But if man is corrupt then human society will be corrupt. People have great potential for good, yet it always goes wrong, and secular culture is no exception. As secularism has displaced the Christian ethic as the main belief system in the UK since the war, family breakdown statistics have mushroomed tenfold, generating a huge wave of misery. In 1990 the only people then pointing nuclear weapons at us lost their power, no other potential enemy was on the same continent, the Welfare State guaranteed people food and a roof, motorised transport and electricity had given the poor a higher material standard of living than mediaeval kings, and we had (and still have) freedom to criticise our leaders. Yet people grew more discontented, not less. What is wrong? Secular humanism has no answers to the great questions of life about human identity, purpose and destiny – who am I; what does life mean; where am I going? Children ask these questions, but the daily business of living covers them over until they recur in ill health, old age, on battlefields or in midlife crises. It is better to seek answers before these questions confront you.
Secular people suppose that the history of Western civilisation discredits Christianity. Their view is roughly that the past was Christian, the present is secular, the present is better than the past, so Christianity is false. In fact, many secular people are not so much against the gospel as against the church – specifically, they are against politicised churches, because of the role that such churches have played in the past. They have a point, for politics is about law and control, whereas Christianity is about grace contrasted with law (as Paul made clear). Explain that the Bible does not call the church to engage in politics – the church is not ancient Israel – and explain that the church you advocate has no hierarchy to liaise with the authorities. (In democracies, Christians may be involved in politics like anybody else; if they hold power, they should not use it to coerce others into religious practices – see Matthew 10:14.) This message overcomes the main objection to church without denying that institutional churches contain many genuine believers.
If you preach the true gospel then the church which grows out of your preaching will have a good barrier against heresy. Secular blessing of the flesh is filtered out by the authentic gospel. The gospel presentation can be followed by a testimony from a man whose life has been turned round by Jesus Christ. (People cannot argue with a testimony.) Do not reverse the order of gospel, then testimony, because people should convert for reasons of truth and conscience, not to be made happy; truth belongs to God, emotions to humans. Persons who convert for the wrong reasons weaken the church and are likely to fall away if their lives become difficult.
A further heresy is liberal theology, the view that the Bible provides a narrative to live by but which is not actually true. This viewpoint is parasitic on genuine belief. Liberal theology is driven tacitly by scepticism of the supernatural, and it dominates many academic theology departments and seminaries. (Just 51% of some 1800 respondents to a questionnaire sent to 4000 Church of England parish clergy in 2002 by the organisation Christian Research “believed without question” that Jesus Christ was born of a virgin, and just 66% in His resurrection.) Church liberals navigate by the phrase “Did God really say?” found in Genesis 3, and their teaching has the same origin. They define sin by their own lights instead of God’s, corrupting the church.
If you know personally somebody who has the Holy Spirit’s gift of healing of physical illness or the power to do miracles (1 Corinthians 12:9-10), and who lives in a different town – so that he will be happy for persons impressed by the Spirit’s power to come to your church rather than his – then ask him to visit as a guest apostolos. Preach the gospel as well. Do not worry if not all persons healed end up believing (Luke 16:31 & 17:11-19); their friends and relatives will hear what has happened and be mightily impressed. Ramsay MacMullen’s secular book Christianizing the Roman Empire: AD100-400 makes clear that physical healings and exorcisms were primary modes of conversion in the early church.
Because of the interest in Indian spirituality in our culture in recent decades, the word ‘God’ is no longer taken by default to mean an all-powerful creator of the universe. Be clear in your preaching that you are speaking of an all-powerful Creator, and so was Jesus. When you painstakingly craft something, you love it and you have authority to decide what to do with it. God takes the same view of the world he has made.
Muslims in your audience will revere Jesus because the Quran speaks well of him, but it also denies that he was divine and that he actually died on the cross, negating the Atonement. Point out his authority to forgive sins, and that his followers preferred death to denial of what they had seen at his crucifixion and after. Be clear that Jesus was willingly martyred for those he loved; he chose to die (John 10:18) rather than being overpowered, and by coming back to life he proved himself more powerful than death. Whereas secular people need to hear of God’s judgement, Muslims need to hear of God’s grace, for there is no assurance of salvation in Islam. Islam is a reverent religion and Muslims wash before prayer, so point out that Christ washes the inside too (1 John 1:9). Muslims believe that the gospel (the injil) was altered to assert His divinity and death; if this point comes up in questions, indicate the unanimity of the earliest surviving Christian manuscripts that he was divine and died on the cross, and ask for the who, when, where and why of such changes. If you are told that Muslim scholars have settled these questions, suggest that the speaker owes it to himself or herself to verify the claim. Remember that most Muslims are from a culture in which dialogue proceeds with greater courtesy than in our own.
Take questions at a point of your choosing, not the audience’s. Here are some frequently asked questions with links to their answers:
- Hasn’t science disproved Christianity?
- Why should I believe that the gospel accounts haven’t been changed in 2000 years?
- Can people go to heaven without believing in Jesus?
- How can Jesus be both God and man? How can God be three persons?
- Why is there suffering if God is good and all-powerful?
At first there will be a group small enough to meet in one or two homes, and the apostolos can attend more than one meeting if these gather on different weekdays. The first Bible study for new converts should normally be Mark’s gospel, which is short and written for gentiles. (The writer thinks well of David Pawson’s audio series on Mark.) Converts should be given an overview of scripture to show them how each book fits into the greater story.